Where does capsule endoscopy fit in the diagnostic algorithm of small bowel intussusception?
Stefania Chetcuti Zammit 1 , Aman Yadav 2 , Deirdre McNamara 2 , Alejandro Bojorquez 3 , Cristina Carretero-Ribón 3 , Martin Keuchel 4 , Peter Baltes 4 , Reuma Margalit-Yehuda 5 , Uri Kopylov 5 , Reena Sidhu 6 , Clelia Marmo 7 , Maria Elena Riccioni 7 , Xavier Dray 8 , Romain Leenhardt 8 , Emanuele Rondonotti 9 , Scardino Giulia 9 , Kristian Micallef 10 , Pierre Ellul 11 ; ICARE
Introduction: The investigation of small bowel (SB) intussusception is variable, reflecting the lack of existing standards. The aim of this study was to understand the role of small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) to investigate this pathology.
Methodology: This was a retrospective multi-centre study. Patients with intussusception on SBCE and those where SBCE was carried out due to findings of intussusception on radiological investigations were included. Relevant information was collected.
Results: Ninety-five patients (median age 39+/-SD19.1 years, IQR 30) were included. Radiological investigations were carried out in 71 patients (74.7%) prior to SBCE with intussusception being present in 60 patients on radiological investigations (84.5%). Thirty patients (42.2%) had intussusception on radiological investigations followed by a normal SBCE. Ten patients (14.1%) had findings of intussusception on radiological investigations, a normal SBCE and repeat radiological investigations that were also normal. Abnormal findings were noted on SBCE that could explain intussusception on imaging in (16 patients) 22.5% of patients. Five patients (5.3%) underwent radiological investigations and SBCE to investigate coeliac disease and intussusception. None had associated malignancy. Four patients (4.2%) underwent SBCE to investigate familial polyposis syndromes and went on to SB enteroscopy and surgery accordingly. Most patients (n = 14; 14.8%) with intussusception on initial SBCE (without prior radiological imaging) had suspected SB bleeding (n = 10, 10.5%). Four patients (4.2%) had additional findings of a mass on CT scan and went on to have surgery.
Conclusion: SBCE should be used to complement radiology when investigating intussusception. It is a safe non-invasive test that will minimise unnecessary surgery. Additional radiological investigations following a negative SBCE in cases of intussusception noted on initial radiological investigations are unlikely to yield positive findings. Radiological investigations following intussusception noted on SBCE in case of patients presenting with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, may yield additional findings.
CITATION Dig Liver Dis. 2023 Jun 30;S1590-8658(23)00665-5. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2023.05.034