Scientific publications

Variants of posterior semicircular canal involvement in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Mar 2, 2024 | Magazine: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Española

Octavio Garaycochea  1 , Nicolás Pérez-Fernández  2


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo. It is characterized by short and recurrent episodes of vertigo, trigged by specific head movements that displace otoconia within the semicircular canals.

The movement of dislodge otoconia from the utricle cause abnormal positional endolymphatic currents. Primary treatment involves reposition maneuvers aimed at moving the displaced otoconia out the affected canal, therefore correct identification of the affected canal is essential for the diagnosis.

The posterior semicircular canal (PSC) is the most frequently affected due to its spatial orientation and the force of gravity. Recent technological advances have allowed for better assessment of positional nystagmus during diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers, revealing various possible scenarios of PSC involvement.

Regarding the PSC, otoconia may be found in different parts of the canal, and not just in the expected location, floating in the long arm of the canal. The understanding of these variants is crucial, as the prognosis and the disease progression differ in such cases.

This review aims to describe the six possible variants of PSC involvement described so far.

CITATION  Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed). 2024 Mar 2:S2173-5735(24)00045-0. doi: 10.1016/j.otoeng.2024.01.013