Validation of plasma fibrinogen as a marker of carotid atherosclerosis in subjects free of clinical cardiovascular disease
Date: Oct 1, 2004Unidad de Chequeos [SP] Radiology [SP] Hematología y Hemoterapia [SP]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Fibrinogen has been found to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to validate the measurement of plasma fibrinogen as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis in a series of asymptomatic subjects (n=519, median age 55.5 years, 80% men).
DESIGN AND METHODS
All individuals had a complete clinical examination, lipid profile (cholesterol and its high and low density lipoprotein fractions and triglycerides), global vascular risk assessment (PROCAM), and B-mode ultrasonography of the carotid arteries to determine the intima-media thickness (IMT) and the presence of atheroma plaques. C-reactive protein (CRP), and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were also measured in all subjects as markers of inflammation/endothelial damage.
In the univariate model, a positive relationship was found between plasma fibrinogen concentration and carotid IMT (p<0.001). Fibrinogen concentration also correlated positively with age (p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (p<0.001), smoking (p<0.05), diabetes (p<0.05), PROCAM (p<0.001), CRP and vWF (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the association of fibrinogen with carotid IMT remained significant (p=0.008) after adjustment for all parameters analyzed.
INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS
In a population sample of adults without clinically overt atherosclerotic disease, elevated fibrinogen levels was related to carotid IMT independently of a wide range of important confounding variables. Plasma fibrinogen may represent a systemic marker of carotid atherosclerosis.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Haematologica. 2004 Oct;89(10):1226-31
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