Scientific publications

Unlocking the Hidden Dimensions of Cancer Care: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Feasibility Study of ESAS-FS, Assessing Spiritual Pain and Financial Distress in a Spanish-speaking Population with Advanced Cancer

Jan 5, 2024 | Magazine: Journal of Pain and Symptom Manage

J Maldonado  1 , I Arrarás  2 , M Iriarte  3 , C Otano  3 , A Carvajal  4 , C Centeno  3


Introduction: Spiritual pain and financial distress are two important dimensions of cancer care that are often overlooked. Both dimensions can have a significant impact on the quality of life of patients with cancer and their families.

Methods: This study conducted a cross-cultural adaptation, feasibility study, and psychometric properties of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-Financial and Spiritual (ESAS-FS) in a Spanish-speaking population with advanced cancer. The ESAS-FS is a patient-reported outcome measure that assesses 12 symptoms, including spiritual pain and financial distress.

Results: In the cross-cultural adaptation process, the terms "spiritual pain" and "financial distress" were refined to "sufrimiento espiritual" and "preocupación por asuntos económicos" respectively, with strong professional consensus and high patients' acceptancy (relevant questions 80%, appropriate terms 91%). A cohort of 100 onco-hematologic patients revealed that 70% experienced spiritual pain (mean 2.9/10), while 49% reported financial distress (mean 2.2/10). Symptomatic analyses illustrated significant associations of spiritual pain with various symptoms like fatigue, drowsiness, and depression. Similarly, financial distress correlated notably with drowsiness, depression, and anxiety. Moreover, a distinct correlation was observed between spiritual pain and financial distress.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the ESAS-FS is a valuable tool for assessing spiritual pain and financial distress in Spanish-speaking patients with advanced cancer. The tool can be used to identify patients who are experiencing these dimensions of distress and to provide them with appropriate care.

CITATION  J Pain Symptom Manage. 2024 Jan 5:S0885-3924(23)00855-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2023.12.015