Scientific publications

Ultrasound/Elastography techniques, lipidomic and blood markers compared to Magnetic Resonance Imaging in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease adults

Jan 1, 2019 | Magazine: International Journal of Medical Sciences

Irene Cantero  1 , Mariana Elorz  2 , Itziar Abete  1   3 , Bertha Araceli Marin  1 , Jose Ignacio Herrero  4   5   6 , Jose Ignacio Monreal  4   7 , Alberto Benito  2 , Jorge Quiroga  4   8   6 , Ana Martínez  4   9 , Mª Pilar Huarte  4   9 , Juan Isidro Uriz-Otano  4   9 , Josep Antoni Tur  3   10 , John Kearney  11 , J Alfredo Martinez  1   3   4   12 , M Angeles Zulet  1   3   4

Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may progress to steatohepatitis, cirrhosis and complicated hepatocellular carcinoma with defined differential symptoms and manifestations.

Objective: To evaluate the fatty liver status by several validated approaches and to compare imaging techniques, lipidomic and routine blood markers with magnetic resonance imaging in adults subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Materials and methods: A total of 127 overweight/obese with NAFLD, were parallelly assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), ultrasonography, transient elastography and a validated metabolomic designed test to diagnose NAFLD in this cross-sectional study. Body composition (DXA), hepatic related biochemical measurements as well as the Fatty Liver Index (FLI) were evaluated. This study was registered as FLiO: Fatty Liver in Obesity study; NCT03183193.

Results: The subjects with more severe liver disease were found to have worse metabolic parameters. Positive associations between MRI with inflammatory and insulin biomarkers were found. A linear regression model including ALT, RBP4 and HOMA-IR was able to explain 40.9% of the variability in fat content by MRI. In ROC analyses a combination panel formed of ALT, HOMA-IR and RBP4 followed by ultrasonography, ALT and metabolomic test showed the major predictive ability (77.3%, 74.6%, 74.3% and 71.1%, respectively) for liver fat content.

Conclusions: A panel combination including routine blood markers linked to insulin resistance showed highest associations with MRI considered as a gold standard for determining liver fat content. This combination of tests can facilitate the diagnosis of early stages of non-alcoholic liver disease thereby avoiding other invasive and expensive methods.

CITATION  Int J Med Sci. 2019 Jan 1;16(1):75-83.  doi: 10.7150/ijms.28044. eCollection 2019.