Disseminated intravascular coagulation induced by endotoxin in rabbits: effect of treatment with t-PA and urokinase
Paloma MJ, Páramo JA, Rifón J, Rocha E.
To assess the therapeutic efficacy of agents capable of stimulating the fibrinolytic system, such as tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and urokinase (UK) on endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in the rabbit.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
DIC was induced by intravenous administration of endotoxin, 20 micrograms/kg/hr during 6 hr. Four different groups were established: a) control group, receiving only saline solution; b) t-PA group receiving 0.2 mg/kg; c) t-PA group receiving 0.7 mg/kg, and d) UK group, which was given 3,000 IU/kg/hr for 6 hr. Blood samples were drawn before and after 2 hr and 6 hr of endotoxin administration. Platelet count, and fibrinogen, factor XII and antithrombin III concentrations, were assessed in each sample. Mean, standard deviation and percentage of increase or decrease with respect to the basal value, this considered 100%, were used to evaluate the findings. For comparison of values, Student's t and Mann Whitney's U were used; the Fisher test was used for mortality studies.
No statistical differences appeared for any of the values in the rabbits under basal conditions. The rabbits in the control group developed DIC. No doses of t-PA modified the changes appearing in blood coagulation. UK reduced the fibrinogen and factor XII consumption induced by endotoxin. The mortality rate in the control group reached 70%. High-dose t-PA decreased such figure to 50%, while low-dose t-PA or UK failed to reduce mortality.
High-dose t-PA has beneficial effects on endotoxin-induced DIC in rabbits. UK failed to achieve such effect at the doses given in this experimental DIC model.
CITATION Sangre (Barc). 1992 Dec;37(6):435-8