The results of consolidation with autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in first complete remission: the Spanish Lymphoma and Autologous Transplantation Group experience
Rodríguez J, Conde E, Gutiérrez A, Arranz R, León A, Marín J, Bendandi M, Albo C, Caballero MD.
Service of Oncology, Hospital Universitario Son Dureta, Av. Andrea Doria 55, Palma de Mallorca 07014, Spain
Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous group of aggressive lymphomas associated with poor prognosis with standard chemotherapy. Consolidation with autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) may improve survival. We present 74 patients transplanted in first complete response (CR) from the Spanish Lymphoma and Autologous Transplantation Group cooperative group.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Median age was 46 years. Eighty-eight percent presented advanced (III-IV) Ann Arbor stage; 53% had B symptoms; 52% had high lactate dehydrogenase; 65% had two or three risk factors of the adjusted-International Prognostic Index; 58% presented a high Tumor score and in 14% more than two adverse factors of the Prognostic Index for peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PIT) were observed. RESULTS With a median follow-up of 67 months from diagnosis, the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 68% and progression-free survival (PFS) reached 63%. The multivariate analysis showed that the only factor associated with a shorter OS and PFS was the presence of more than two risk factors from the PIT risk system.
In a retrospective study with a prolonged follow-up, consolidation with ASCT in CR patients who had presented unfavorable prognostic factors at diagnosis substantially increased the OS and PFS when compared with conventional chemotherapy. The PIT risk system identified 14% of patients without benefit from ASCT consolidation. Thus, other innovative therapies are still necessary in certain cases.
CITATION Ann Oncol. 2007 Apr;18(4):652-7