The basophil activation test as a promising diagnostic tool in hypersensitivity to chironomid larvae
Cabrera-Freitag P, Ferrer M, Martínez R, Javaloyes G, Sanz ML.
Department of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Chironomids are nonstinging insects belonging to the Nematocera suborder of the Diptera order.
They are found in wetlands and are a frequent cause of environmental allergy in Sudan, Japan, Egypt, and the northern part of the United States. However, in recent years, hypersensitivity to chironomids has been reported after occupational exposure in ? sh food handlers (? sh food factories, ? shermen, pet shops.) and in relation to hobbies in countries where Chironomus larvae Chironomus thummi) are commercialized as ? sh food.
Hypersensitivity to these larvae has been reported to cause urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, angioedema, and even anaphylaxis.
CITATION J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2011;21(2):158-9