Simple and rapid determination of carboplatin in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography. Error pattern and application to clinical pharmacokinetic studies
Zufía L, Aldaz A, Castellanos C, Giráldez J.
Carboplatin is an antitumor agent widely employed in cancer chemotherapy. A specific and selective method for the determination of carboplatin in human plasma and its applications to pharmacokinetic investigations is described. One ultrafiltration step, through a Centrifree micropartition system (Amicon) at 2000 g for 10 min, is the only requirement as sample treatment. The resulting solution is injected into an Inertsil ODS-2 (5 microm, 25 cm x 4.6 mm I.D.) analytical column.
The mobile phase consisted of 0.1 M potassium dihydrogenphosphate with 1 mM dipotassium edetate adjusted to a pH between 3 and 3.5. The limit of quantitation was 1 mg/l. The method showed good recovery (100.68+/-5.49%) and precision: the within-day relative standard deviation (RSD) for carboplatin (3-350 mg/l) was 2.07% and the between-day RSD for carboplatin, in the previously described range, was 1.31%. We determined the assay error pattern for proper weighting of serum level data in pharmacokinetic models.
The selectivity (discrimination between the parent drug and platinum-containing species such as carboplatin metabolites), simplicity and speed of this assay for free carboplatin quantitation should facilitate pharmacokinetic investigations and therapeutic drug monitoring.
CITATION J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 2001 Nov 25;764(1-2):457-64.