Significant increase of CTX-M-15-ST131 and emergence of CTX-M-27-ST131 Escherichia coli high-risk clones causing healthcare-associated bacteraemia of urinary origin in Spain (ITUBRAS-2 project)
Federico Becerra-Aparicio 1 , Silvia Gómez-Zorrilla 2 3 , Marta Hernández-García 1 3 , Desiré Gijón 1 , Ana Siverio 2 4 , Dàmaris Berbel 5 , Carlos Sánchez-Carrillo 6 , Emilia Cercenado 6 7 , Alba Rivera 8 , Ana de Malet 9 , Mariona Xercavins 10 , Enrique Ruiz de Gopegui 3 11 , Luis Canoura-Fernández 12 , José Antonio Martínez 13 , Cristina Seral 14 , José Luis Del Pozo 15 , Manuel Cotarelo 16 , Jazmín Díaz-Regañón 16 , Rafael Cantón 1 3 , Antonio Oliver 3 11 , Juan Pablo Horcajada 2 3 , Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa 1 3
Objectives: To assess the microbiological characteristics of Escherichia coli causing healthcare-associated bacteraemia of urinary origin (HCA-BUO) in Spain (ITUBRAS-2 project), with particular focus on ESBL producers and isolates belonging to ST131 high-risk clone (HiRC). Clinical characteristics and outcomes associated with ST131 infection were investigated.
Methods: A total of 222 E. coli blood isolates were prospectively collected from patients with HCA-BUO from 12 tertiary-care hospitals in Spain (2017-19). Antimicrobial susceptibility and ESBL/carbapenemase production were determined. ST131 subtyping was performed. A subset of 115 isolates were selected for WGS to determine population structure, resistome and virulome. Clinical charts were reviewed.
Results: ESBL-producing E. coli prevalence was 30.6% (68/222). ST131 represented 29.7% (66/222) of E. coli isolates and accounted for the majority of ESBL producers (46/68, 67.6%). The C2/H30-Rx subclone accounted for most ST131 isolates (44/66) and was associated with CTX-M-15 (37/44) and OXA-1 enzymes (27/44). Cluster C1-M27 was identified in 4/10 isolates belonging to subclade C1/H30-R1 and associated with CTX-M-27. Additionally, ST131 isolates showed a high content of other acquired resistance genes, and clade C/ST131 isolates carried characteristic QRDR mutations. They were categorized as uropathogenic E. coli and had higher aggregate virulence scores. ST131 infection was associated with more complex patients, prior use of cephalosporins and inadequate empirical treatment but was not associated with worse clinical outcomes.
Conclusions: ST131 HiRC is the main driver of ESBL-producing E. coli causing HCA-BUO in Spain, mainly associated with the expansion of subclade CTX-M-15-C2/H30-Rx and the emergence of CTX-M-27-C1/H30-R1 (Cluster C1-M27).
CITATION J Antimicrob Chemother. 2023 Aug 3;dkad234. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkad234