Scientific publications

Role of aquaporin-7 in ghrelin- and GLP-1-induced improvement of pancreatic β-cell function after sleeve gastrectomy in obese rats

Méndez-Giménez L (1,2), Becerril S (1,2), Camões SP (3), da Silva IV (3), Rodrigues C (3), Moncada R (2,4), Valentí V (2,5), Catalán V (1,2), Gómez-Ambrosi J (1,2), Miranda JP (3), Soveral G (3), Frühbeck G (1,2,6), Rodríguez A (1,2).

(1) Metabolic Research Laboratory, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
(2) CIBER de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Pamplona, Spain.
(3) Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
(4) Department of Anesthesia, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
(5) Department of Surgery, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
(6) Department of Endocrinology &Nutrition, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Magazine: International Journal of Obesity

Date: Sep 4, 2017

Anesthesia and Intensive Care [SP] Endocrinology and Nutrition [SP] Obesity Unit General and Digestive Surgery

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:

Glycerol is a key metabolite for lipid accumulation in insulin-sensitive tissues as well as for pancreatic insulin secretion. We examined the role of aquaporin-7 (AQP7), the main glycerol channel in β-cells, and AQP12, an aquaporin related to pancreatic damage, in the improvement of pancreatic function and steatosis after sleeve gastrectomy in diet-induced obese rats.

SUBJECTS/METHODS:

Male Wistar obese rats (n=125) were subjected to surgical (sham operation and sleeve gastrectomy) or dietary (pair-fed to the amount of food eaten by sleeve-gastrectomized animals) interventions. The tissue distribution and expression of AQPs in the rat pancreas were analyzed by real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The effect of ghrelin isoforms and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) on insulin secretion, triacylglycerol (TG) accumulation and AQP expression was determined in vitro in RIN-m5F β-cells.

RESULTS:

Sleeve gastrectomy reduced pancreatic β-cell apoptosis, steatosis and insulin secretion. Lower ghrelin and higher GLP-1 concentrations were also found after bariatric surgery. Acylated and desacyl ghrelin increased TG content, whereas GLP-1 increased insulin release in RIN-m5F β-cells. Sleeve gastrectomy was associated with an upregulation of AQP7 together with a normalization of the increased AQP12 levels in the rat pancreas. Interestingly, ghrelin and GLP-1 repressed AQP7 and AQP12 expression in RIN-m5F β-cells. AQP7 protein was negatively correlated with intracellular lipid accumulation in acylated ghrelin-treated cells and with insulin release in GLP-1-stimulated β-cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

AQP7 upregulation in β-cells after sleeve gastrectomy contributes, in part, to the improvement of pancreatic steatosis and insulin secretion by increasing intracellular glycerol used for insulin release triggered by GLP-1 rather than for ghrelin-induced TG biosynthesis.

CITATION  Int J Obes (Lond). 2017 Sep;41(9):1394-1402. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2017.135. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

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