Hidalgo O.F., Aramendía J.M., Alonso G., Foncillas J.G., Brugarolas A.
Departamento de Oncología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra
The results of two sequential trials, the first one with high dose interleukin 2 (IL2) by continuous intravenous infusion and the second one with subcutaneous IL2 and alpha-interferon (alpha IFN), performed in consecutive patients with metastatic melanoma and renal carcinoma at the Clinica Universitaria de Navarra are presented. In the high-dose continuous IL2 trial, recombinant IL2, 18 x 10(6) IU/m2, was administered daily by continuous infusion five days a week for two weeks, and the treatment cycle was repeated after a rest of 2 weeks. Twenty two patients were treated and objective responses were observed in 3 (13.3%).
Toxicity was frequent and severe, and all but one required dose reduction. The mortality rate was 9% (2/22). In the subcutaneous IL2 and alpha IFN trial, subcutaneous IL2, 4.8 x 10(6) IU/m2, was administered daily, five days a week, for 3 consecutive weeks. IL2 dose was given every 8 hours on the first day and every 12 hours on the second day, as a loading induction dose. Concomitant alpha-IFN, 3 x 10(6) IU/m2 was given subcutaneously once a day on days 1, 3 and 5 weekly each week for the duration of IL2 therapy. Of the 24 patients treated with this combination, 3 partial responses were noticed (12.5%) and the toxicity was mild to moderate.
These results suggest that both, IL2 alone or IL2 in combination with alpha-IFN are minimally active and that any improvement in tolerance might impair its antitumor activity.
CITATION Rev Med Univ Navarra. 1996 Jul-Sep;40(3):6-12