Rapid SARS-CoV-2 disinfection on distant surfaces with UV-C: The inactivation is affected by the type of material
Cristina Olagüe 1 , Oihane Mitxelena-Iribarren 2 3 , J Enrique Sierra-García 4 , Fernando Rodriguez-Merino 5 , Sheila Maestro 1 , Eva Pérez-Lorenzo 2 3 , Francisco Guillen-Grima 6 , Gloria González-Aseguinolaza 1 , Sergio Arana 2 3 , Cristian Smerdou 1
SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused almost 570 million infections and over six million deaths worldwide. To help curb its spread, solutions using ultraviolet light (UV) for quick virus inactivation inside buildings without human intervention could be very useful to reduce chances of contagion.
The UV dose must be sufficient to inactivate the virus considering the different materials in the room, but it should not be too high, not to degrade the environment. In the present study, we have analyzed the ability of a 254 nm wavelength UV-C lamp to inactivate dried samples of SARS-CoV-2 exposed at a distance of two meters, simulating a full-scale scenario.
Our results showed that virus inactivation was extremely efficient in most tested materials, which included plastic, metal, wood, and textile, with a UV-C exposure of only 42 s (equivalent to 10 mJ/cm2). However, porous materials like medium density fibreboard, were hard to decontaminate, indicating that they should be avoided in hospital rooms and public places.