Rapid in vivo PGC-1 mRNA upregulation in brown adipose tissue of Wistar rats by a beta(3)-adrenergic agonist and lack of effect of leptin
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1) is highly expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and plays an important role in adaptive thermogenesis.
The aim of this study was to assess the acute effect of a beta(3)-adrenergic agonist (Trecadrine) and leptin on the expression of PGC-1 and PPARgamma2 mRNA in BAT. Trecadrine produced a marked increase (4.5-fold) in PGC-1 mRNA compared to controls (P<0.001) without changes in PPARgamma2 mRNA, whereas leptin administration did not alter either PGC-1 or PPARgamma2 expression. These results show that selective stimulation of the beta(3)-adrenoceptor rapidly upregulates the expression of PGC-1 in brown adipocytes without a concomitant increase in PPARgamma2.
Moreover, our results show that PGC-1 and PPARgamma2 expression in BAT seems not to be acutely regulated by leptin.
CITATION Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001 May 15;176(1-2):85-90