Randomised trial of lymphoblastoid alpha-interferon in chronic hepatitis C. Effects on inflammation, fibrogenesis and viremia
Camps J, Castilla A, Ruiz J, Civeira MP, Prieto J.
Department of Internal Medicine, Clínica Universitaria and Medical School, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Magazine: Journal of Hepatology
Date: Mar 1, 1993Hepatology
Seventy-two patients with chronic hepatitis C were included in a randomised trial of lymphoblastoid interferon versus no treatment.
Thirty-six patients entered each group. Interferon was given in a step-down schedule for 12 months. Aminotransferase activities became normal during treatment in 30 of 36 (83.3%) treated patients, but in only 1 out of 36 (2.7%) non-treated cases (p < 0.001). However, a reactivation of the disease during the interferon course was observed in 12 patients after a mean of 5.58 +/- 1.55 months of therapy, and a post-treatment relapse was observed in 5 additional cases. The remaining 13 patients (36%) had sustained normalization of the aminotransferase levels for 15.27 +/- 10.34 months (range 3-30) after discontinuation of interferon, thus representing a long-term sustained remission of the disease. Knodell's histological activity index decreased in all treatment patients, except for 3 non-responders (91.5%), but in only 9 of 36 non-treated cases (25%) (p < 0.001). Procollagen type III peptide levels normalized in most cases (83%) with a sustained response.
A significant decrease in the detection of hepatitis C virus RNA was observed in patients with a sustained response (p < 0.05). Anti-interferon antibodies were only detected in one non-responder.
Thus, interferon diminishes inflammatory and fibrogenic activity in the majority of patients with chronic hepatitis C and abolishes viremia in most of the patients with a sustained response.
CITATION J Hepatol. 1993 Mar;17(3):390-6
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