Quinapril decreases myocardial accumulation of extracellular matrix components in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Panizo A, Pardo J, Hernández M, Galindo MF, Cenarruzabeitia E, Díez J.
In genetic and acquired hypertension, a structural remodeling of the nonmyocyte compartment of myocardium, including the accumulation of fibrillar collagen and other components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) within the interstitium, represents a determinant of pathologic hypertrophy that leads to ventricular dysfunction.
Therefore, to evaluate the potential benefit of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor quinapril in reversing the interstitial remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), we treated 16-week-old male SHR with oral quinapril (average dose, 10 mg/kg body weight/day) for 20 weeks. Interstitial fibrosis was determined morphometrically using an automatic image analyzer. The amount of collagen was evaluated by measuring myocardial hydroxyproline concentration. Myocardial deposition of collagen molecules (types I, III, and IV) and other ECM components (fibronectin, laminin) was analyzed by immunohistochemical techniques using specific monoclonal antibodies. The activity of ACE was measured in left ventricular tissue by a fluorometric assay.
In quinapril-treated SHR compared with 36-week-old untreated SHR and age- and sex-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls, we found 1) a lesser degree of LVH and a lesser level of blood pressure, 2) a lesser degree of interstitial fibrosis, represented by less interstitial collagen volume fraction (5.73 +/- 0.45% v 3.42 +/- 0.28%, P < .05; WKY, 3.44 +/- 0.66%), 3) a lower hydroxyproline concentration (1.09 +/- 0.05 mumol/L/g dry weight/100 g body weight to 0.81 +/- 0.05 mumol/L/g dry weight/100 g body weight, P < .05; WKY, 0.96 +/- 0.06 mumol/L/g dry weight/100 g body weight), 4) a lesser presence of collagen fibers, and 5) a lesser presence of collagen IV, fibronectin, and laminin.