Quality assurance in IMRT: importance of the transmission through the jaws for an accurate calculation of absolute doses and relative distributions
Azcona J.D., Siochi R.A., Azinovic I.
The goal of IMRT is to achieve an isodose distribution conformed to the tumor while avoiding the organs at risk.
For these tasks several gantry angles are selected, each one containing a series of different leaf configurations for the multileaf collimator (MLC) (segments). Verifying the relative distributions as well as the absolute doses is an important step for quality assurance issues. We have observed that an accurate modeling of the transmission of the primary x-ray fluence through the jaws and MLC as well as the head scatter is crucial for a precise calculation of relative doses and monitor units. Also, an inaccurate calculation of the output factor for small size segments can lead to important differences in the absolute dose for points under these segments.
Incorrect models could lead to systematic errors of around 5% to 10% in the calculated monitor units and a shift in the isodose curves.