To ascertain gonioscopic characteristics and identify prognostic indicators related to intraocular pressure (IOP) after deep sclerectomy (DS).
A transversal, prospective, and nonselected study was performed in 106 eyes (95 patients) after DS. Three surgeons performed all the surgeries and the gonioscopic examination, using the same protocol including 13 gonioscopic data. These data were evaluated for an association with postoperative IOP and time after surgery.
A subscleral space was found in 91 eyes (85.8%), with visualization of the line of scleral flap in 48 eyes (45.3%). The trabeculo-Descemet membrane (TDM) was transparent in 46 eyes (43.4%), opaque in 4 cases, and pigmented in 18 eyes. This TDM was broken using Nd:YAG laser goniopuncture in 38 eyes(35.8%). Thin vessels around TDM were found in 58 eyes (54.7%), and blood remained in 25 eyes (23.5%). Gonioscopic variables significantly positively related with postoperative IOP were as follows: presence of subscleral space, scleral flap line view, and a Schwalbe line depressed. A narrow anterior chamber angle and iris synechia in TDM had a statistically significant negative effect on the postoperative IOP control. Similarly, eyes requiring Nd:YAG goniopuncture had a worse IOP control. The frequency of eyes with visible subscleral space and transparent TDM decreases with time after surgery (p=0.001).
A visible subscleral space was a gonioscopic sign positively related to IOP control after surgery, although it decreased with follow-up. Eyes with goniopuncture, postoperative narrow angle, and iris synechia had worse postoperative IOP control. Although new vessels in TDM were a common finding after DS, the authors did not find any association with postoperative IOP.
CITATION Eur J Ophthalmol. 2007 Sep-Oct;17(5):702-8
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