Scientific publications

Profiles of patients with venous thromboembolic disease in the emergency department and their medium-term prognosis: data from the ESPHERIA registry

Apr 1, 2021 | Magazine: Emergencias

Jorge Carriel Mancilla  1 , Sònia Jiménez Hernández  2 , Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez  3 , David Jiménez  4 , Ramón Lecumberri  5 , Héctor Alonso Valle  6 , Fahd Beddar Chaib  7 , Pedro Ruiz-Artacho  8 , Grupo de Enfermedad Tromboembólica Venosa de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Urgencias y Emergencias (ETV-SEMES)

Objectives: To assess the 180-day prognosis for patients of different profiles diagnosed with venous thromboembolism (VTE) in emergency departments (EDs). Secondary aims were to assess all-cause mortality and readmission rates and to describe the clinical characteristics and forms of presentation of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in each patient profile.

Material and methods: Secondary analysis of data from the ESPHERIA registry (Spanish acronym for Risk Profile of Patients with VTE Attended in Spanish Emergency Departments), which includes consecutive patients with symptomatic VTE treated in 53 EDs.

The cases were divided according to 4 profiles: 1) unprovoked DVT, 2) DVT provoked by transient risk factors, 3)patients with cancer, and 4) patients with low cardiopulmonary reserve. The primary outcome was a composite of 180-day all-cause mortality or readmission.

Results: We studied 773 patients: 450 (58.2%) were classified as profile 1, 128 (16.6%) as profile 2, 115 (14.9%) as profile 3 , a nd 8 0 ( 10.3%) a s p rofile 4. We fo und di fferences be tween th e 4 pr ofiles in demographics, com orbidity, clinical presentation, type of DVT and location, management, and outcomes.

One hundred ninety-five p atients (25.2%) had at least one of the adverse events included in the composite within 180 days: 69 (8.9%) died and 179 (23.2%) were readmitted. Hazard ratios (HR) indicated that DVT with low cardiopulmonary reserve (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.12-2.68; P = .01)) or DVT with cancer (HR, 3.10; 95% CI, 2.22-4.34; P .001) were the profiles t hat w ere independently associated with the 180-day composite outcome.

Conclusion: Classifying patients with DVT according to 4 profiles ( unprovoked, provoked by t ransient r isk f actors, associated with cancer, and associated with low cardiopulmonary reserve) when making the diagnosis is useful for assessing prognosis for all-cause mortality or readmission within 180 days. This classification could be useful for establishing a care and follow-up plan when discharging patients with DVT from the ED.

CITATION  Emergencias. 2021 Abr;33(2):107-114