Production of nitric oxide and self-nitration of proteins during monocyte differentiation to dendritic cells
Fernández-Ruiz V, López-Moratalla N, González A.
Nitric oxide (NO) can stimulate dendritic cells to a more activated state. However, nitric oxide and peroxynitrites production by dendritic cells has been usually associated with pathological situations such as autoimmunity or inflammatory diseases.
This study was designed to determine if dendritic cells obtained from healthy volunteers produce nitric oxide and peroxynitrites, which results in protein nitration. The expression of arginase II, but not arginase I, isoform was detected in monocytes and dendritic cells. There was higher inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression and lower arginase activity both in immature and mature dendritic cells, compared to monocytes.
This caused nitric oxide production, and maturation of dendritic cells which provoked a significative increase of nitrites and nitrates compared to immature dendritic cells. There was also peroxynitrites synthesis during monocyte differentiation as shown by the nitration of proteins. Immunoblot revealed a pattern of nitrated proteins in cell extracts obtained from monocytes and dendritic cells, however there were bands that appeared only in human dendritic cells, in particular an intense 90 kDa band.
Nitric oxide production and nitrotyrosine formation could affect the antigen presentation and modify the immune response.
CITATION J Physiol Biochem. 2005 Dec;61(4):517-25