Preliminary results of the effect of treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia and its relationship with inflammation, coagulation status, and endothelial function after renal transplantation
Manrique J., Díaz A., Gavira J.J., Hernández A., Pujante D., Errasti P.
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between total plasma homocysteine (tHC) and several markers of endothelial function, coagulation, and pro-inflammatory status in renal transplant recipients.
Our own previous study demonstrated the efficacy of folic acid (FA) and vitamin B(12) (B(12)) treatment to reduce tHC. Using 70 stable recipients, 56 of whom showed hyperhomocisteinemia (HHC) (tHC > or = 14 micromol/L) and a control group (n = 14, tHC < 14 micromol/L), we treated 29 patients in the HHC group (10 mg FA and 500 mg B(12) daily) and determined their endothelial function, inflammatory activity, and coagulation status. We assessed plasma levels of von Willebrand Factor and fibrinogen as the prothrombotic profile and C-reactive protein and plasma albumin as inflammation markers. We performed Doppler sonography of the brachial artery to assess endothelial function.
The mean value of plasma tHC of 19.05 +/- 3.70 micromol/L before treatment decreased to 13.45 +/- 3.25 micromol/L after 3 months of treatment (P < .001). The vWF was significantly correlated with tHC (P < .05) and was higher in the HHC patients (P < .05). The fibrinogen mean level was also significantly higher in HHC patients (P < .05). The C-reactive protein level was significantly higher and the albumin level was lower among patients with HHC. The endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) correlated with baseline tHC (P < .05).
In preliminary data we observed that homocysteine-lowering therapy may provide cardiovascular protection by enhancing endothelial function, limiting oxidative stress, and reducing procoagulation status.
CITATION Transplant Proc. 2005 Nov;37(9):3782-4