Scientific publications

Perinatal outcome and long-term follow-up of extremely low birth weight infants depending on the mode of delivery

Minguez-Milio JA, Alcázar JL, Aubá M, Ruiz-Zambrana A, Minguez J.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Magazine: The Journal of Materno-Fatal & Neonatal Medicine

Date: Mar 7, 2011

Gynaecology and Obstetrics [SP]

To assess the effect of the mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) on survival, morbidity, and long-term psychomotor development of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.

A longitudinal observational study including 138 ELBW infants (73 born by c-section and 65 vaginally) was conducted. We analyzed the survival and short-term morbidity. We also studied the long-term neurocognitive and motor development using the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (MSCA).

Mortality was significantly higher in newborns delivered vaginally (49.3%) than those delivered by c-section (23.1%). Newborns delivered vaginally had a higher incidence of retinopathy and peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH). Children who died had lower gestational age at birth and lower birth weight. After multivariate analysis only birth weight, gestational age at birth and P-IVH were independently associated to mortality. Regarding the long-term evaluation (MSCA), we observed that children born by c-section had lower incidence of abnormal results.

The mode of delivery does not affect survival. Cesarean section provides lower morbidity and better prognosis for neurodevelopment long-term outcome in ELBW infants.

CITATION  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Mar 7

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