Performance evaluation of a preclinical SPECT/CT system for multi-animal and multi-isotope quantitative experiments
Elena Prieto 1 2 , Leticia Irazola 1 , María Collantes 3 4 2 , Margarita Ecay 3 4 2 , Teresa Cuenca 1 , Josep Mª Martí-Climent 5 6 , Iván Peñuelas 3 4 2
The aim was to study the performance of the U-SPECT6/CT E-class system for preclinical imaging, to later demonstrate the viability of simultaneous multi-animal and multi-isotope imaging with reliable quantitative accuracy.
The performance of the SPECT was evaluated for two collimators dedicated for mouse (UHS-M) and rat imaging (UHR-RM) in terms of sensitivity, energy resolution, uniformity and spatial resolution. Point sources, hot‑rod and uniform phantoms were scanned, and additional tests were carried out to evaluate singular settings such as simultaneous multi-isotope acquisition and imaging with a multi-bed system.
For in-vivo evaluation, simultaneous triple-isotope and multi-animal studies were performed on mice. Sensitivity for 99mTc was 2370 cps/MBq for the UHS-M collimator and 493 cps/MBq for the UHR-RM. Rods of 0.6 mm and 0.9 mm were discernible with the UHS-M and UHR-RM collimators respectively, with optimized reconstruction. Uniformity in low counting conditions has proven to be poor (> 75%). Multi-isotope and multi-bed phantom acquisitions demonstrated accurate quantification.
In mice, simultaneous multi-isotope imaging provided the separate distribution of 3 tracers and image quality of the multi-mouse bone scan was adequate. The U-SPECT6/CT E-class has shown good sensitivity and spatial resolution.
This system provides quantitative images with suitable image quality for multi-mouse and multi-isotope acquisitions.