Overexpression of human truncated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha induces apoptosis in HL-1 cardiomyocytes
Beaumont J., Arias T., Ravassa S., Díez J.
Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, Centre for Applied Medical Research, University of Navarra, CIMA, Avda. Pío XII 55, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.
Our goal was to analyse whether truncated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) overexpression induces apoptosis of cardiomyocytes.
METHODS AND RESULTS
We constructed a recombinant vector of human truncated PPARalpha and a mammalian expression vector to transfect PPARalpha into a line of murine cardiomyocytes designated HL-1. Four hallmarks of apoptosis were measured in these transfected cells: depolarization of mitochondrial membrane, activation of caspase-3, phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, and DNA fragmentation. Co-transfection with human cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB) and human CREB binding protein (CBP) and analysis of apoptosis regulatory proteins, Bcl-2 and Bax, were also performed in truncated PPARalpha-transfected cells to determine the potential mechanisms by which truncated PPARalpha may influence apoptosis. Progressive depolarization of mitochondrial membrane, activation of caspase-3, PS externalization, DNA fragmentation, and cell death were observed in HL-1 cells upon increasing levels of transfected truncated PPARalpha. The expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 decreased in transfected HL-1 cardiomyocytes, whereas no changes in the proapoptotic protein Bax were observed in these cells. Overexpression of CREB plus CBP abolished the inhibitory effect of truncated PPARalpha on Bcl-2 protein.
These results demonstrate that human truncated PPARalpha overexpression induces apoptosis in HL-1 cardiomyocytes. In addition, our findings suggest that truncated PPARalpha may induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis through the inhibition of the antiapoptotic protein, Bcl-2. It is proposed that competition with CREB for coactivators like CBP could be involved in this inhibitory effect.
CITATION Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Aug 1;79(3):458-63