Orexin and sleep quality in anorexia nervosa: Clinical relevance and influence on treatment outcome
Sauchelli S (1), Jiménez-Murcia S (2), Sánchez I (3), Riesco N (3), Custal N (3), Fernández-García JC (4), Garrido-Sánchez L (4), Tinahones FJ (4), Steiger H (5), Israel M (5), Baños RM (6), Botella C (7), de la Torre R (8), Fernández-Real JM (9), Ortega FJ (9), Frühbeck G (10), Granero R (11), Tárrega S (12), Crujeiras AB (13), Rodríguez A (10), Estivill X (14), Beckmann JS (15), Casanueva FF (13), Menchón JM (16), Fernández-Aranda F (17).
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Orexins/hypocretins are orexigenic peptides implicated in the regulation of feeding behavior and the sleep/wake cycle. Little is known about the functioning of these peptides in anorexia nervosa (AN). The aims of the current study were to evaluate the extent to which orexin-A might be linked to sleep and treatment outcome in AN.
Fasting plasma orexin-A concentrations were measured in 48 females with AN at the start of a day hospital treatment and in 98 normal-eater/healthy-weight controls. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was administered at the beginning of the treatment as a measure of sleep quality.
Other psychopathological variables were evaluated with the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL90R) and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI). Patients were assessed at the start and end of treatment by means of commonly used diagnostic criteria and clinical questionnaires.
The AN patients presented more sleep disturbances and poorer overall sleep quality than did the healthy controls (p=.026) but there were no global differences between groups in plasma orexin-A concentrations (p=.071).
In the AN sample, orexin-A concentrations were associated with greater sleep disturbances (|r|=.30), sleep inefficiency (|r|=.22) and poorer overall sleep (|r|=.22). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) showed that both elevated orexin-A concentrations and inadequate sleep predicted poorer treatment outcome.
Plasma orexin-A concentrations contribute to poor sleep quality in AN, and both of these variables are associated with therapy response.
CITATION Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2015 Dec 21;65:102-108. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.12.014.