Number of beta-receptors in rhinitic pollinic patients
Gamboa PM, Sanz ML, de la Cuesta CG, García BE, Castillo JG, Oehling A.
The study was carried out on venous blood from 67 patients with seasonal rhinoconjunctivitis caused by sensitization to grass pollen and 30 control individuals.
Total IgE determination, antigen-specific histamine release test against two concentrations of Phleum pratense, and quantification of beta 2-adrenergic receptor numbers in lymphocyte membrane of peripheral blood were done on all patients. Those pollinic patients who were asymptomatic at the time of the study had 500.07 +/- 237.27 receptors/cell; no significant differences were established with the control group, with 541.53 +/- 123.63 receptors/cell. However, both the control group and asymptomatic patients had receptor numbers which were significantly higher than those of symptomatic pollinic patients, with 376.81 +/- 158.65 receptors/cell (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively).
The average decrease in number of receptors in symptomatic pollinic patients was 30.42% in relation to controls and 24.65% in relation to asymptomatic patients. Within the subgroup of pollinic patients, studied both in and out of season, the number of beta 2-adrenergic receptors had an average decrease of 13.22% during pollination, with 363.7 receptors/cell. Once the pollination season was over, this figure increased to 419.1 receptors/cell, establishing significant differences with p < 0.025.
The number of beta 2-adrenergic receptors did not correlate with total seric IgE figures or with antigen-specific histamine release. These data indicate that the decrease of these receptors does not constitute the causal factor of atopic diseases; it seems more likely to be a consequence of the same.
CITATION J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 1991 Apr;1(2):113-21