Scientific publications

Normalized LST Is an Efficient Biomarker for Homologous Recombination Deficiency and Olaparib Response in Ovarian Carcinoma

Jun 1, 2023 | Magazine: JCO Precision Oncology

Yann Christinat  1 , Liza Ho  1 , Sophie Clément  2 , Catherine Genestie  3 , Jalid Sehouli  4 , Saverio Cinieri  5 , Antonio Gonzalez Martin  5 , Ursula Denison  6 , Keiichi Fujiwara  7 , Ignace Vergote  8 , Germana Tognon  9 , Sakari Hietanen  10 , Isabelle Ray-Coquard  11 , Eric Pujade-Lauraine  12 , Thomas A McKee  1

Purpose: The efficiency of the Myriad Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) test to guide the use of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors has been demonstrated in several phase III trials. However, a need exists for alternative clinically validated tests.

Methods: A novel biomarker for HRD was developed using The Cancer Genome Atlas database and, as part of the ENGOT HRD European Initiative, applied to 469 samples from the PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial. Results were compared with the Myriad myChoice Genomic Instability Score (GIS) with respect to the progression-free survival in the olaparib + bevacizumab and placebo + bevacizumab arms.

Results: Analysis of the TCGA cohort revealed that a normalization of the number of large-scale state transitions by the number of whole-genome doubling events allows a better separation and classification of HRD samples than the GIS. Analysis of the PAOLA-1 samples, using the Geneva test (OncoScan + nLST), yielded a lower failure rate (27 of 469 v 59 of 469) and a hazard ratio of 0.40 (95% CI, 0.28 to 0.57) compared with 0.37 for Myriad myChoice (BRCAm or GIS+) in the nLST-positive samples. In patients with BRCAwt, the Geneva test identified a novel subpopulation of patients, with a favorable 1-year PFS (85%) but a poor 2-year PFS (30%) on olaparib + bevacizumab treatment.

Conclusion: The proposed test efficiently separates HRD-positive from HRD-negative patients, predicts response to PARP inhibition, and can be easily deployed in a clinical laboratory for routine practice. The performance is similar to the available commercial test, but its lower failure rate allows an increase in the number of patients who will receive a conclusive laboratory result.

CITATION  JCO Precis Oncol. 2023 Jun:7:e2200555.  doi: 10.1200/PO.22.00555