Scientific publications

Nonreferral of possible soft tissue sarcomas in adults: a dangerous omission in policy

Jan 1, 2009 | Magazine: Sarcoma

Juan F. Abellán (1), José M. Lamo de Espinosa (1), Julio Duart (1), Ana Patiño-García (2), Salvador Martín-Algarra (3), Rafael Martínez-Monge (4) and Mikel San-Julián (1)
(1) Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain
(2) Laboratory of Pediatrics, University of Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain
(3) Oncology Department, University of Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain
(4) Radiation Oncology Division, Department of Oncology, University of Navarra, 31080 Pamplona, Spain


Introduction
The aim of this study is to compare outcomes in three groups of STS patients treated in our specialist centre: patients referred immediately after an inadequate initial treatment, patients referred after a local recurrence, and patients referred directly, prior to any treatment.

Patients and methods
We reviewed all our nonmetastatic extremity-STS patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. We compared three patient groups: those referred directly to our centre (group A), those referred after an inadequate initial excision (group B), and patients with local recurrence (group C).

Results
The study included 174 patients. Disease-free survival was 73%, 76%, and 28% in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P<.001). Depth, size, and histologic grade influenced the outcome in groups A and B, but not in C.

Conclusion
Initial wide surgical treatment is the main factor that determines local control, being even more important than the known intrinsic prognostic factors of tumour size, depth, and histologic grade. The influence on outcome of initial wide local excision (WLE), which is made possible by referral to a specialist centre, is paramount.

CITATION  Sarcoma. 2009;2009:827912