Scientific publications

No Lewy pathology in monkeys with over 10 years of severe MPTP Parkinsonism

Jul 1, 2009 | Magazine: Movement Disorders

Glenda Halliday (1), María Trinidad Herrero (2), Karen Murphy (1), Heather McCann (1), Francisco Ros-Bernal (2), Carlos Barcia (2), Hideo Mori (3), Francisco J. Blesa (4), José A. Obeso (4)

The recent knowledge that 10 years after transplantation surviving human fetal neurons adopt the histopathology of Parkinson's disease suggests that Lewy body formation takes a decade to achieve.

To determine whether similar histopathology occurs in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-primate models over a similar timeframe, the brains of two adult monkeys made parkinsonian in their youth with intermittent injections of MPTP were studied. Despite substantial nigral degeneration and increased alpha-synuclein immunoreactivity within surviving neurons, there was no evidence of Lewy body formation.

This suggests that MPTP-induced oxidative stress and inflammation per se are not sufficient for Lewy body formation, or Lewy bodies are human specific.

CITATION  Mov Disord. 2009 Jul 30;24(10):1519-23