Movement-related changes in oscillatory activity in the human subthalamic nucleus: ipsilateral vs. contralateral movements
Alegre M, Alonso-Frech F, Rodríguez-Oroz MC, Guridi J, Zamarbide I, Valencia M, Manrique M, Obeso JA, Artieda J.
A voluntary movement is accompanied by a series of changes in neuronal oscillatory activity in the subthalamic nucleus (STN).
These changes can be recorded through electrodes implanted for deep brain stimulation to treat Parkinson's disease in the time interval between the surgery and the internalization of the connections to the batteries. Both baseline activity and movement-related changes are different in the 'on' and 'off' medication motor states. In the 'off' state a low frequency activity in the alpha-beta range (8-25 Hz) that dominates the spectrum is interrupted during the movement, while in the 'on' state baseline frequencies are higher and a peri-movement gamma increase (70-80 Hz) is usually observed.
Similar changes have been described with electrocorticographic recordings over the primary motor cortex but the gamma increase was only present during contralateral movements. We compared ipsi- and contralateral movement-related changes in STN activity, using a time-frequency analysis of the recordings obtained simultaneously in both STN and the scalp (electroencephalography) during right and left hand movements. The movement-related changes observed in the STN in the 'on' and the 'off' states were similar to those described previously in terms of predominant frequency bands, but we found bilateral changes in the STN during movements of either hand. A contralateral earlier start of the beta STN changes was mostly observed when the moving hand corresponded to the less-affected side, irrespective of hand dominance.
These results suggest that movement-related activity in the STN has, by and large, a bilateral representation and probably reflects cortical input.
CITATION Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Nov;22(9):2315-24