Motor complications associated with chronic levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease
Obeso JA, Grandas F, Vaamonde J, Luquin MR, Artieda J, Lera G, Rodriguez ME, Martinez-Lage JM.
Department of Neurology, Clinica Universitaria, Pamplona, Spain
Fluctuations and dyskinesias are the 2 main motor complications associated with chronic levodopa therapy.
Striatal denervation following degeneration of the substantia nigra dopaminergic projections is probably the major pathophysiologic mechanism underlying motor fluctuations. In addition, pathologic modification of striatal receptors, partially related to the nonphysiologic delivery of levodopa in a discontinuous pulsatile mode, may be responsible for the various types of dyskinesias and sudden off episodes.
Drugs capable of providing a stable dopaminergic stimulation should be particularly useful for preventing the development of motor complications in patients not yet treated. At the other end of the clinical spectrum, patients with complex fluctuations are the least likely to improve with slow-release levodopa preparations.
CITATION Neurology. 1989 Nov;39(11 Suppl 2):11-9