The present study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the leptin-induced stimulation of lipolysis.
The effect of intravenous (iv) administration of leptin (10, 100 and 1000 microg/kg body weight) or vehicle on serum NO concentrations and glycerol release from white adipocytes of Wistar rats was examined. One hour after injection, the three leptin doses tested increased serum NO concentrations 15.1%, 23.4% and 60.0%, respectively (P<.001 vs. baseline). The effect of leptin on NO concentrations was significantly dose dependent on linear trend testing (P=.0001). Simple linear regression analysis showed that the lipolytic rate measured was significantly correlated with serum NO concentrations (P=.0025; r=.52). In order to gain further insight into the potential underlying mechanisms, the effect of leptin on lipolysis was studied in the setting of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition or acute ganglionic blockade. The stimulatory effect of leptin on lipolysis was significantly decreased (P<.05) under NOS inhibition. On the contrary, the leptin-induced lipolysis was unaltered in pharmacologically induced ganglionic blockade.
The lack of effect on isoproterenol-, forskolin- and dibutyryl-cyclic AMP-stimulated lipolysis suggests that leptin does not interfere with the signal transduction pathway at the beta-adrenergic receptor, the adenylate cyclase and the protein kinase A levels. These findings suggest that NO is a potential regulator of leptin-induced lipolysis.
CITATION Cell Signal. 2001 Nov;13(11):827-33