Mitochondrial diseases and stroke
Irimia P., Oliveros-Cid A., Martínez-Vila E.
Departamento de Neurología y Neurocirugía, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, España
We review the mitochondrial diseases in which cerebrovascular changes are seen, such as the MERRF syndrome (myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fibers) or the Kearns-Sayre syndrome (progressive external ophthalmoplegia, retinitis pigmentaria, cerebellar disorders and disorders of cardiac conduction), focusing on the syndrome involving mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS).
We consider the different clinical aspects, diagnostic methods, pathophysiological mechanisms of the cerebrovascular involvement as well as therapeutic approaches.
CITATION Rev Neurol. 1998 Apr;26 Suppl 1:S99-106