Scientific publications

Minimal Macroscopic Residual Disease (0.1-1 cm). Is It Still a Surgical Goal in Advanced Ovarian Cancer?

Jun 1, 2016 | Magazine: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

Chiva LM (1), Castellanos T, Alonso S, Gonzalez-Martin A.


The objective of this review was to try to determine by searching in the literature what is the survival in patients with advanced ovarian cancer after a primary debulking with minimal macroscopic residual disease (MMRD; 0.1-10 mm). Additionally, this review aimed to explore the survival in patients with residual disease from 0.1 to 0.5 cm.


A retrospective search was accomplished in the PubMed database looking for all English-language articles published between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014, under the following search strategy: "ovarian cancer and cytoreduction" or "ovarian cancer and phase III trial". We selected those articles that contain information on both percentage of MMRD (0.1-1 cm) and median overall survival (OS) in this subset of patients with stage III to stage IV ovarian cancer after primary debulking surgery.


Thirteen publications were obtained including information of a total 11,999 patients with stage III to stage IV ovarian cancer. Five thousand thirty-seven patients (42%) had MMRD after the primary debulking (0.1-1 cm). Median overall survival in patients with MMRD was 40 months and disease-free survival (DFS) was 16 months.

This group of patients obtained an advantage of 10 months in OS (40 vs 30 m) and 4 months in DFS (16 vs 12 m) compared with the group with suboptimal debulking (P < 0.001). Compared with the group of complete resection, patients with minimal macroscopic residuum showed a significant inferior median OS and DFS of 30 months and 14 months, respectively (OS, 70 vs 40 m; DFS, 30 vs 16 m) (P < 0.001). The group of residual disease of 0.1 to 0.5 cm reached a median survival of 53 months.


Patients with ovarian cancer with MMRD after primary surgery obtain a modest but significant advantage in survival (10 months) over suboptimal patients. Patients with macroscopic residual disease (0.1-0.5 cm) obtain a better survival (53 months) than those with more than 0.5 to 1 cm. We propose that they should be classified as a different prognostic group.

CITATION  Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016 Jun;26(5):906-11. doi: 10.1097/IGC.0000000000000690.