Scientific publications

Locoregional Breast Cancer Recurrence in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10041/BIG 03-04 MINDACT Trial. Scientific Publication

Jan 19, 2024 | Magazine: Journal of Clinical Oncology

Sena Alaeikhanehshir  1   2 , Taiwo Ajayi  3 , Frederieke H Duijnhoven  2 , Coralie Poncet  3 , Ridwan O Olaniran  3 , Esther H Lips  1 , Laura J van 't Veer  4 , Suzette Delaloge  5 , Isabel T Rubio  6 , Alastair M Thompson  7 , Fatima Cardoso  8 , Martine Piccart  9 , Emiel J T Rutgers  2

Purpose: A number of studies are currently investigating de-escalation of radiation therapy in patients with a low risk of in-breast relapses on the basis of clinicopathologic factors and molecular tests. We evaluated whether 70-gene risk score is associated with risk of locoregional recurrence (LRR) and estimated 8-year cumulative incidences for LRR in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conservation.

Methods: In this exploratory substudy of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10041/BIG 03-04 MINDACT trial, we evaluated women with a known clinical and genomic 70-gene risk score test result and who had breast-conserving surgery (BCS). The primary end point was LRR at 8 years, estimated by cumulative incidences. Distant metastasis and death were considered competing risks.

Results: Among 6,693 enrolled patients, 5,470 (81.7%) underwent BCS, of whom 98% received radiotherapy. At 8-year follow-up, 189 patients experienced a LRR, resulting in an 8-year cumulative incidence of 3.2% (95% CI, 2.7 to 3.7). In patients with a low-risk 70-gene signature, the 8-year LRR incidence was 2.7% (95% CI, 2.1 to 3.3). In univariable analysis, adjusted for chemotherapy, five of 12 variables were associated with LRR, including the 70-gene signature. In multivariable modeling, adjuvant endocrine therapy and to a lesser extent tumor size and grade remained significantly associated with LRR.

Conclusion: This exploratory analysis of the MINDACT trial estimated an 8-year low LRR rate of 3.2% after BCS. The 70-gene signature was not independently predictive of LRR perhaps because of the low number of events observed and currently cannot be used in clinical decision making regarding LRR. The overall low number of events does provide an opportunity to design trials toward de-escalation of local therapy.

CITATION  J Clin Oncol. 2024 Jan 19:JCO2202690.  doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.02690