Laparoscopic Major Liver Resections: Current Standards
Alfred Kow Wei Chieh (1), Albert Chan (2), Fernando Rotellar (3), Ki-Hun Kim (4)
Laparoscopic liver resection was slow to be adopted in the surgical arena at the beginning as there were major barriers including the fear of gas embolism, risk of excessive blood loss from the inability to control bleeding vessels effectively, suboptimal surgical instruments to perform major liver resection and the concerns about oncological safety of the procedure.
However, it has come a long way since the early 1990s when the first successful laparoscopic liver resection was performed, spurring liver surgeons worldwide to start exploring the roles of laparoscopy in major liver resections. Till date, more than 9000 cases have been reported in the literature and the numbers continue to soar as the hepatobiliary surgical communities quickly learn and apply this technique in performing major liver resection.
Large bodies of evidence are available in the literature showing that laparoscopic major liver resection can confer improved short-term outcomes in terms of lesser operative morbidities, lesser operative blood loss, lesser post-operative pain and faster recovery with shorter length of hospitalization.
On the other hand, there is no compromise in the long-term and oncological outcomes in terms of comparable R0 resection rate and survival rates of this approach. Many innovations in laparoscopic major hepatectomies for complex operations have also been reported.
In this article, we highlight the journey of laparoscopic major hepatectomies, summarize the technical advancement and lessons learnt as well as review the current standards of outcomes for this procedure.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Int J Surg. 2020 Jul 8;S1743-9191(20)30534-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.06.051