Lack of CpG island methylator phenotype defines a clinical subtype of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia associated with good prognosis
Roman-Gomez J, Jimenez-Velasco A, Agirre X, Prosper F, Heiniger A, Torres A.
Hematology Department, Reina Sofia Hospital, Avda, Menendez Pidal s/n, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
To examine cancer genes undergoing epigenetic inactivation in a set of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) to obtain the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in the disease and its possible correlation with clinical features and outcome of the patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze methylation of the ADAMTS-1, ADAMTS-5, APAF-1, ASPP-1, CDH1, CDH13, DAPK, DIABLO, DKK-3, LATS-1, LATS-2, NES-1, p14, p15, p16, p57, p73, PARK-2, PTEN, sFRP1/2/4/5, SHP-1, SYK, TMS-1, and WIF-1 genes in samples from 50 consecutive T-ALL patients (19 children and 31 adults). Results were compared with results obtained in 286 B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (B-ALLs).
A total of 88% of the T-ALL samples had at least one gene methylated. According to the number of methylated genes observed in each individual sample, 12 patients (24%) were included in the CIMP- group (zero to two methylated genes), and 38 patients (76%) were included in the CIMP+ group (> two methylated genes). Clinical features and remission rate did not differ significantly among both groups of patients. Estimated disease-free survival (DFS) rate at 12 years and overall survival (OS) rate at 13 years were 100% and 91% for the CIMP- group and 20% and 17% for the CIMP+ group, respectively (P = .0006 and P = .003, respectively). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that methylation profile was an independent prognostic factor in predicting DFS (P = .05) and OS (P = .02). A group of five genes (SYK-1, ASPP-1, sFRP-2, sFRP-5, and WIF-1) showed specificity for T-ALL compared with B-ALL.
Our results suggest that the methylation profile may be a potential new biomarker of risk prediction in T-ALL.
CITATION J Clin Oncol. 2005 Oct 1;23(28):7043-9