Intraoperative radiotherapy in locally advanced recurrent colorectal cancer
Abuchaibe O, Calvo FA, Azinovic I, Aristu J, Pardo F, Alvarez-Cienfuegos J.
Oncology Department, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
In an effort to promote local control and improve quality of life in patients with recurrent colorectal cancer, a multimodality approach has been used.
METHODS AND MATERIALS
Twenty-seven patients were treated with moderate doses of pre/postoperative radiotherapy with/without simultaneous systemic chemotherapy, surgical re-resection and IORT electron boost over areas at high risk for local recurrence.
The 2-year actuarial disease-free and local relapse-free survival for the entire group were 14% and 26%, respectively. The most important factor predicting a favorable outcome was the radicality of surgical procedure. The determinate local control rate and the actuarial 2-year local relapse-free, and disease-free survival for patients undergoing complete resections were 50%, 56%, and 34%, respectively, whereas for patients undergoing partial resections these figures were 16%, 13%, and 6%. The radicality of surgical procedure was influenced by both tumoral size and previous treatment with irradiation. Complete resection rate was higher in patients with tumors less than 5 cm vs. more than 5 cm (40% vs. 22%), and in patients without previous radiotherapy versus those with previous radiotherapy (40% vs. 28%). Distant metastasis rate was high (41%). The most significant toxicities attributable to the whole treatment protocol were enteritis (37%), hydronephrosis (30%), and pelvic neuropathy (52%).
Currently, our policy is to recommend IORT in patients with favorable factors such as: absence of previous pelvic radiotherapy, single previous surgical procedure, and complete resections.
CITATION Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1993 Aug 1;26(5):859-67.