Intra-arterial and intravenous chemotherapy for the treatment of malignant glioma. Preliminary results
Calvo FA, Pastor MA, Dy C, Alegría E, Antón Aparicio LM, Gil A, Harguindey S, Zubieta JL, Martinez Lage M.
Twenty-one patients with malignant glioma were treated with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II (CDDP II) 60-90 mg/m2 intra-arterial (I.A.) bolus on day 1 and Carmustine (BCNU) 100 mg/m2 intravenously (I.V.) on days 1 and 2. Three patients received additional Aziridinylbenzoquinone (AZQ) 7 mg/m2 (I.V.) on days 1 and 2.
At the time of this treatment, seven patients had local recurrence after previous surgery and radiotherapy. Nine patients had subtotal tumor resection or biopsy, one patient had macroscopic tumor resection, and four patients had no previous surgery because of medical contraindication. Six patients received five or more courses of I.A. and I.V. chemotherapy. Five of these patients showed complete remission (CR) and one had a partial remission (PR) by brain computerized tomography (CT scan). Another 15 patients treated with two to four courses of I.A., and I.V. chemotherapy showed eight partial responses (PR), and seven showed no changes (NC) by brain CT scan. Five patients died with disease.
Patients who achieved CR also received radical radiotherapy for remission consolidation. Sixteen patients are still alive; five patients are off treatment, four of these with no evidence of disease (NED), one alive with disease (AWD); and the remaining 11 patients are still on treatment. Toxicity, symptomatic neurological recovery, disease stabilization, and causes of death will be discussed.
CITATION Am J Clin Oncol. 1985 Jun;8(3):200-9.