Interventional therapeutic techniques in Budd-Chiari syndrome
Bilbao JI, Pueyo JC, Longo JM, Arias M, Herrero JI, Benito A, Barettino MD, Perotti JP, Pardo F.
Department of Radiology, Clínica Universitaria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pio XII no. 36, E-31008 Pamplona, Spain
To analyze the results obtained with percutaneous therapeutic procedures in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCHS).
Between august 1991 and April 1993, seven patients with BCHS were treated in our hospital. Three presented with a congenital web; in another three cases the hepatic veins and/or the inferior vena cava (IVC) were compromised after major hepatic surgery; one patient presented with a severe stenosis of the intrahepatic IVC due to hepatomegaly.
One of the patients with congenital web has required several new dilatations due to restenosis; one patient required a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedure while awaiting a liver transplantation. The two postsurgical patients with stenosed hepatic veins did not require any new procedure after the placement of metallic endoprostheses. However, the patient with liver transplantation presented IVC restenosis after balloon angioplasty that required the deployment of metallic endoprostheses. In the patient with hepatomegaly a self-expandable prosthesis was placed in the intrahepatic portion of the IVC before (4 months) a liver transplantation.
Interventional therapeutic techniques offer a wide variety of possibilities for the treatment of patients with BCHS. For IVC stenoses, the results obtained with balloon angioplasty are at least as good as those obtained with surgery.
CITATION Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 1997 Mar-Apr;20(2):112-9