Scientific publications

Hypopressive technique versus pelvic floor muscle training for postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation: A prospective cohort study

Juez L (1), Núñez-Córdoba JM (2), Couso N (3), Aubá M (1), Alcázar JL (1), Mínguez JÁ (1)

(1) Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avda, Pamplona, Spain.
(2) Central Clinical Trials Unit, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avda, Pamplona, Spain.
(3) Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avda, Pamplona, Spain.

Magazine: Neurourology and Urodynamics

Date: Jul 11, 2019

Rehabilitation [SP] Gynaecology and Obstetrics [SP]

AIMS:

Abdominal hypopressive technique (AHT) is gaining popularity as an alternative to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) during postpartum. Although, there is no solid evidence for its recommendation.

METHODS:

We conducted a prospective observational cohort study in a university hospital with 105 primiparae who performed a two-month PFMT or AHT program. The aim was to compare the effectiveness of both treatments in terms of morphofunctional changes in 3D transperineal ultrasound, manometry, dynamometry, and differences in urinary incontinence symptoms (ICIQ-IU-SF) and satisfaction.

RESULTS:

The average change in levator ani muscle was 1.2 mm higher in AHT group vs PFMT (95% confidence interval [CI], -2.2 to -0.2; P = .017). No statistically significant differences were shown in maximal strength changes between groups. After AHT, basal tone change was 63.0 g/cm2 higher than PFMT (95% CI, -129 to 2.9; P = .06). A statistically significant reduction in ICIQ-IU-SF was observed after both treatments [(PFMT, -0.8 points; 95% CI, -1.4 to -0.1; P = .015), (AHT, -0.7 points; 95% CI, -1.3 to -0.1; P = .018]. AHT showed a higher median satisfaction score than PFMT (P = .004).

CONCLUSIONS:

This preliminary study is the first that analyses the effect of AHT vs PFMT during postpartum. The results suggest a higher improve for AHT in levator muscle thickness and satisfaction compared to PFMT. These must be considered with caution due to the limitations of the study. Further randomized clinical trials about both techniques during postpartum are required.

CITATION  Neurourol Urodyn. 2019 Jul 11. doi: 10.1002/nau.24094

you maybe interested

WHAT TECHNOLOGY
DO WE USE?

The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

OUR
PROFESSIONALS

The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

WHY CHOOSE
THE CLINICA?

Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra