Scientific publications

Human serum albumin nanoparticles for ocular delivery of bevacizumab

Apr 25, 2018 | Magazine: International Journal of Pharmaceutics

Inés Luis de Redín  1 , Carolina Boiero  2 , María Cristina Martínez-Ohárriz  3 , Maite Agüeros  1 , Rocío Ramos  4 , Iván Peñuelas  4 , Daniel Allemandi  2 , Juan M Llabot  2 , Juan M Irache  5


Abstract

Bevacizumab-loaded nanoparticles (B-NP) were prepared by a desolvation process followed by freeze-drying, without any chemical, physical or enzymatic cross-linkage.

Compared with typical HSA nanoparticles cross-linked with glutaraldehyde (B-NP-GLU), B-NP displayed a significantly higher mean size (310 nm vs. 180 nm) and a lower negative zeta potential (-15 mV vs. -36 mV). On the contrary, B-NP displayed a high payload of approximately 13% when measured by a specific ELISA, whereas B-NP-GLU presented a very low bevacizumab loading (0.1 μg/mg).

These results could be related to the inactivation of bevacizumab after reacting with glutaraldehyde. From B-NP, bevacizumab was released following an initial burst effect, proceeded by a continuous release of bevacizumab at a rate of 6 μg/h. Cytotoxicity studies in ARPE cells were carried out at a single dose up to 72 h and with repeated doses over a 5-day period. Neither bevacizumab nor B-NP altered cell viability even when repeated doses were used.

Finally, B-NP were labeled with 99mTc and administered as eye drops in rats. 99mTc-B-NP remained in the eye for at least 4 h while 99mTc-HSA was rapidly drained from the administration point. In summary, HSA nanoparticles may be an appropriate candidate for ocular delivery of bevacizumab.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Int J Pharm . 2018 Apr 25;541(1-2):214-223. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2018.02.003. Epub 2018 Feb 24