Scientific publications

Fusionless All-Pedicle Screws for Posterior Deformity Correction in AIS Immature Patients Permit the Restoration of Normal Vertebral Morphology and Removal of the Instrumentation Once Bone Maturity Is Reached

Mar 21, 2023 | Magazine: Journal of Clinical Medicine

Jesús Burgos  1 , Gonzalo Mariscal  2 , Luis Miguel Antón-Rodrigálvarez  3   4 , Ignacio Sanpera  4 , Eduardo Hevia  5 , Vicente García  6 , Carlos Barrios  7


The aim of this study was to report the restoration of normal vertebral morphology and the absence of curve progression after the removal of instrumentation in AIS patients that underwent posterior correction of the deformity by a common all-screws construct without fusion.

A series of 36 AIS immature patients (Risser 3 or less) were included in the study. Instrumentation was removed once the maturity stage was complete (Risser 5). The curve correction was assessed pre- and postoperatively, before instrumentation removal, directly post-removal, and more than two years after instrumentation was removed.

Epiphyseal vertebral growth modulation was assessed by the coronal wedging ratio (WR) at the apical level of the main curve (MC). The mean preoperative coronal Cobb was corrected from 53.7° ± 7.5 to 5.5° ± 7.5° (89.7%) at the immediate postop. After implant removal (31.0 ± 5.8 months), the MC was 13.1°. T5-T12 kyphosis showed significant improvement from 19.0° before curve correction to 27.1° after implant removal (p < 0.05). Before surgery, the WR was 0.71 ± 0.06, and after removal, 0.98 ± 0.08 (p < 0.001). At the end of the follow-up, the mean sagittal range of motion (ROM) of the T12-S1 segment was 51.2 ± 21.0°. The SRS-22 scores improved from 3.31 ± 0.25 preoperatively to 3.68 ± 0.25 at the final assessment (p < 0.001).

In conclusion, a fusionless posterior approach using common all-pedicle screws correctly constructed satisfactory scoliotic main curves and permitted the removal of instrumentation once bone maturity was reached. The final correction was highly satisfactory, and an acceptable ROM of the previously lower instrumented segments was observed.

CITATION  J Clin Med. 2023 Mar 21;12(6):2408. doi: 10.3390/jcm12062408