Femoroacetabular Impingement and the Effect of Osteochondroplasty on Hip Osteoarthritis Prevention: The Pandora's Box Opening Process
José M Lamo-Espinosa 1 2 3 , Jorge Gómez-Álvarez 1 , Elena Pascual Roquet-Jalmar 1 , Asier Iribarren 1 , Anne Recke 1 , María Cruz Roa 1 , Andrés Valentí-Azcárate 1 , Froilán Granero-Moltó 2 3 , Mikel San-Julián 1
Objective: This study was conducted to assess the effect of osteochondroplasty on osteoarthritis (OA) prevention, comparing radiological evolution between identical hips from the same patient who had undergone unilateral surgery.
Design: We retrospectively reviewed radiological evolution between hips with similar shape from the same patient who had undergone unilateral surgery. In all, 56 FAI patients (112 hips) with a mean age of 42.18 ± 9.16 years and had undergone unilateral arthroscopy treatment have been included. Four independent researchers measured Wiberg, Acetabular and Alpha angles, Extrusion index, and Tönnis classification preoperatively to verify that operated and non-operated hips had the same shape. OA evolution was assessed by joint space width (JSW) in 3 different articular points and Tönnis classification.
Results: No preoperative anatomical differences were present between groups (P > 0.05). At the end of follow-up (31.9 months), a decrease of JSW in the 3 points measured was found in OP hips (OP vs. N-OP; P < 0.01). These results were correlated with changes in the proportion of patients who progressed to grade III in Tönnis classification (from 1.3% preoperative to 23.2% at the end of follow-up).
Conclusions: Osteochondroplasty and labrum procedures were not associated with OA prevention. The OP hips showed a faster OA degeneration, which was not seen in the N-OP. These results will encourage hip surgeons to perform further investigations to avoid the "Pandora's Box Opening Process."
CITATION Cartilage. 2023 Sep 18;19476035231191202. doi: 10.1177/19476035231191202