Scientific publications

Enhanced Na(+)-H+ exchanger activity and NHE-1 mRNA expression in lymphocytes from patients with essential hypertension

Mar 1, 1995 | Magazine: Hypertension

Garciandia A., López R., Tisaire J., Arrázola A., Fortuño A., Bueno J., Diez J.

It has been demonstrated that the activity of the sodium-proton exchanger (NHE-1 isoform) is increased in lymphocytes and other blood cells from patients with essential hypertension. In the present study, we investigated whether an increased level of NHE-1-specific mRNA in lymphocytes from patients with essential hypertension would explain the enhanced transport activity.

Twenty-two hypertensive patients and 21 normotensive subjects were studied. Basal cytosolic pH was measured by the pH-sensitive fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein. Maximal sodium-proton exchange activity was determined by acidifying cell pH and measuring the initial rate of the net sodium-dependent proton efflux driven by an outward proton gradient. The transcript level of NHE-1 was measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in comparison with a constitutively expressed reference gene (beta-actin). Intracellular pH was lower in hypertensive patients than normotensive subjects (7.34 +/- 0.01 versus 7.39 +/- 0.01, mean +/- SEM, P < .001).

The maximal activity of the sodium-proton exchanger was higher in hypertensive patients than in normotensive subjects (1262 +/- 100 versus 881 +/- 56 mmol/L cells per hour, P < .01). NHE-1 mRNA was increased in hypertensive patients compared with normotensive subjects (ratio of NHE-1 mRNA to beta-actin mRNA, 0.16 +/- 0.01 versus 0.12 +/- 0.02, P < .05).

These data suggest that the increased sodium-proton exchange activity in essential hypertension may be related to the de novo synthesis of exchanger protein.

CITATION  Hypertension. 1995 Mar;25(3):356-64