Endolymphatic hydrops severity in magnetic resonance imaging evidences disparate vestibular test results
Nicolas Pérez-Fernández 1 , Pablo Dominguez 2 , Raquel Manrique-Huarte 3 , Diego Calavia 3 , Lorea Arbizu 4 , Reyes Garcia-Eulate 2 , Laura Alvarez-Gomez 3 , Carlos Guajardo 3 , Jose Luis Zubieta 2
Objectives: It has been suggested that in Ménière's disease (MD) a dissociated result in the caloric test (abnormal result) and video head-impulse test (normal result) probably indicates that hydrops affects the membranous labyrinth in the horizontal semicircular canal (HSC). The hypothesis in this study is that based on endolymphatic hydrops' cochleocentric progression, hydrops should also be more severe in the vestibule of these patients than in those for whom both tests are normal.
Methods: 22 consecutive patients with unilateral definite MD were included and classified as NN if both tests were normal or AN if the caloric test was abnormal. MRI evaluation of endolymphatic hydrops was carried out with a T2-FLAIR sequence performed 4h after intravenous gadolinium administration. The laterality and degree of vestibular endolymphatic hydrops and the presence or absence of cochlear endolymphatic hydrops were recorded. Demographic data, audiometric and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials were collected, and video head-impulse and caloric tests were performed.
Results: Patients in both groups (NN and AN) were similar in terms of demographic data and hearing loss. The interaural asymmetry ratio was significantly higher for ocular and cervical VEMP in patients in the AN group. There was a significantly higher degree of hydrops in the vestibule of the affected ear of AN patients (χ2; p=0.028).
Conclusion: Significant canal paresis in the caloric test is associated with more severe endolymphatic hydrops in the vestibule as detected with gadolinium-enhanced MRI and with a more severe vestibular deficit.
CITATION Auris Nasus Larynx. 2019 Apr;46(2):210-217.
doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2018.08.014. Epub 2018 Sep 8