Scientific publications

Diagnostic and Prognostic Potential of Multiparametric Renal MRI in Kidney Transplant Patients

Jan 19, 2024 | Magazine: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Rebeca Echeverria-Chasco  1   2 , Paloma L Martin-Moreno  2   3 , Veronica Aramendía-Vidaurreta  1   2 , Leyre Garcia-Ruiz  1   2 , José María Mora-Gutiérrez  2   3 , Marta Vidorreta  4 , Arantxa Villanueva  2   5   6 , David Cano  1   2 , Gorka Bastarrika  1   2 , Nuria Garcia-Fernandez  2   3   7 , Maria A Fernández-Seara  1   2

Background: Multiparametric MRI provides assessment of functional and structural parameters in kidney allografts. It offers a non-invasive alternative to the current reference standard of kidney biopsy.

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic utility of MRI parameters in the assessment of allograft function in the first 3-months post-transplantation.

Study type: Prospective.

Subjects: 32 transplant recipients (54 ± 17 years, 20 females), divided into two groups according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 3-months post-transplantation: inferior graft function (IGF; eGFR<45 mL/min/1.73 m2 , n = 10) and superior graft function (SGF; eGFR ≥ 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 , n = 22). Further categorization was based on the need for hemodialysis (C1) and decrease in s-creatinine (C2) at 1-week post-transplantation: delayed-graft-function (DGF: n = 4 C1, n = 10 C2) and early graft-function (EGF: n = 28 C1, n = 22 C2).

Field strength/sequence: 3-T, pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling, T1-mapping, and diffusion-weighted imaging.

Assessment: Multiparametric MRI was evaluated at 1-week in all patients and 3-months after transplantation in 28 patients. Renal blood flow (RBF), diffusion coefficients (ADC, ΔADC, D, Δ D, D*, flowing fraction f), T1 and Δ T1 were calculated in cortex and medulla. The diagnostic and prognostic value of these parameters, obtained at 3-months and 1-week post-transplantation, respectively, was evaluated in the cortex to discriminate between DGF and EGF, and between SGF and IGF.

Statistical tests: Logistic regression, receiver-operating-characteristics, area-under-the-curve (AUC), confidence intervals (CIs), analysis-of-variance, t-test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test, Fisher's exact test, Pearson's correlation. P-value<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: DGF patients exhibited significantly lower cortical RBF and f and higher D*. The diagnostic value of MRI for detecting DGF was excellent (AUC = 100%). Significant differences between patients with IGF and SGF were found in RBF, ∆T1 , and ∆D. Multiparametric MRI showed higher diagnostic (AUC = 95.32%; CI: 88%-100%) and prognostic (AUC = 97.47%, CI: 92%-100%) values for detecting IGF than eGFR (AUC = 89.50%, CI: 79%-100%).

Data conclusion: Multiparametric MRI may show high diagnostic and prognostic value in transplanted patients, yielding better results compared to eGFR measurements.

CITATION  J Magn Reson Imaging. 2024 Jan 19.  doi: 10.1002/jmri.29235