Defective proliferation and regulatory function of CD4+ T cells bearing Leu-8 homing receptor in primary biliary cirrhosis. Phorbol myristate acetate enhances T-cell function
Moreno-Otero R, Murakawa Y, Kanof ME, Civeira MP, Jones EA, James SP.
The majority of circulating CD4+ T cells express the Leu-8 peripheral lymph node homing receptor, and these cells have previously been shown to have suppressor-inducer and suppressor function. In the present study, it was found that CD4+, Leu-8+ T cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have a significantly (P < 0.01) lower proliferative response when stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), concanavalin A (Con A), or pokeweed mitogen (PWM) compared to normal controls.
The proliferative response of CD4+, Leu-8- T cells was similar in patients and controls. However, the proliferative responses of CD4+, Leu-8+ from patients with PBC was normal when cells were stimulated with PHA, Con A, anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, or ionomycin in combination with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). CD4+ T cells from patients with PBC mediated normal helper function for PWM-stimulated immunoglobulin synthesis at high T/B ratios and their regulatory function was similar to that of normal CD4+ T cells that had been irradiated to inactivate their suppressor activity. When CD4+ T cells from patients with PBC were precultured with the combination of Con A and PMA, they mediated potent inhibitory activity similar to that of normal CD4+ T cells. Thus, CD4+, Leu-8+ T cells from patients with PBC have a defect of proliferation and suppressor function that is reversed by coculture with PMA.
This finding suggests that impairment of a PMA-inducible lymphocyte activation pathway contributes to abnormal lymphocyte function in PBC.
CITATION Dig Dis Sci. 1994 Jun;39(6):1329-36