Cortical oscillations scan using chirp-evoked potentials in 6-hydroxydopamine rat model of Parkinson's disease
Pérez-Alcázar M, Nicolás MJ, Valencia M, Alegre M, López-Azcárate J, Iriarte J, Artieda J.
There has been a growing interest during the last years on the relationship between Parkinson's disease and changes in the oscillatory activity, mostly in the cortico-basal motor loop. As Parkinson's disease (PD) is not limited to motor symptoms, it is logical to assume that the changes in oscillatory activity are not limited to this loop. Steady-state responses (SSR) are the result of averaging individual responses to trains of rhythmic stimuli delivered at a constant frequency.
The amplitude of the response varies depending on the stimulus modality and stimulation rate, with a frequency of maximal response that is probably associated to the working frequency of the pathway involved. The study of SSR may be of interest in PD as a non-invasive test of cortical oscillatory activity. Our aim was to study the changes in auditory steady-state responses (ASSR) in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model of Parkinson's disease in rats. We recorded the ASSR over the auditory cortex in a group of 10 control and 17 6-OHDA lesioned rats (the latter before and after the administration of the dopaminergic agonist apomorphine) both awake and under anesthesia with ketamine/xylazine, using chirp-modulated stimuli. The three conditions (control, lesion, lesion plus apomorphine) were compared with special emphasis on the amplitude, inter-trial phase coherence, and frequency of maximal response. A reduction in the frequency of maximal response (between 40 and 60 Hz) was observed in the 6-OHDA lesioned rats that was normalized after apomorphine injection.
The administration of this dopaminergic agonist also reduced the inter-trial phase coherence of the response in frequencies above 170 Hz. These findings suggest that the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system may be involved in the regulation of oscillatory activity not only in motor circuits, but also in sensory responses.
CITATION Brain Res. 2010 Jan 15;1310:58-67