Correlation between profile of circulating mononuclear cells and clinical manifestations in patients with pemphigus vulgaris
González A, España A, López-Zabalza MJ, Pelacho B, Sánchez-Carpintero I, Santiago E, López-Moratalla N.
Phenotypes of 38 samples of mononuclear (PBMC) cells from 11 different patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) at different stages of the disease were explored looking for a possible relationship between cell immunity, mucocutaneous or mucosal lesion intensity and capacity of serum autoantibodies to elicit the disease in mice.
PBMC from 5 patients with mucocutaneous lesions and sera with IgG capable of inducing the disease in neonatal mice had a high proportion of mature monocytes with CD14low DRhigh, and co-expressing CD16 and CD11b. In addition, a high proportion of CD19+CD5+ activated B cells and a very low proportion of naive CD4+CD45RA+ and CD8+CD11b+ T lymphocytes was observed. Monocytes from these patients expressed inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In contrast, PBMC from 6 patients, with lesions restricted to mucosal membranes and IgG lacking the capacity to induce the disease in mice, contained a high proportion of CD14high DRlow co-expressing CD16 circulating macrophages, CD8+CD11b+ T cells, and a low proportion of activated B lymphocytes.
The results suggest a possible association between proportion of different antigen presenting cells (monocytes with high HLA-DR and low CD14 expression and activated B lymphocytes, or differentiated monocytes/macrophages), type of PV and capacity of serum autoantibodies to elicit the disease in mice.
CITATION Autoimmunity. 2000 Sep;32(2):115-28